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Monday, December 24, 2012

Red-Billed Tropicbirds on Qarnein Island

I recently had the pleasure to be invited along with a small group to the island of Qarnein which is situated off the mainland of the UAE 180km north-west of Abu Dhabi and can be found here at 24°56'7.00"N,  52°50'59.00"E.

Back in 2003 the island of Qarnein and its surrounding waters were been declared as a 'Gift to the Earth' by the World Wide Fund for Nature International. The announcement followed the designation of Qarnein and its unique ecosystem as a Marine Protected Area (MPA), the first internationally-recognised reserve of its type in the Arabian Gulf. 

The declaration of the MPA status for Qarnein was announced by HH Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan, UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Deputy Chairman of the Abu Dhabi-based Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency (ERWDA), who has personally been instrumental in affording protection to the Island's marine and terrestrial habitats following traditional Islamic principles of conservation and natural resource management.

Qarnein island, which has an area of approximately 300 hectares, has a combination of natural characteristics not normally found amongst islands of the Gulf. Coral reef, seagrass and sandy bottom ecosystems exist offshore, while the island itself is a site of regional and international importance for breeding seabirds. 

Lesser-crested Terns, Swift (crested) Terns, Bridled Terns, Saunders' Terns, White-cheeked Terns, Sooty Gulls and Red-billed Tropicbirds are among the species breeding on the island. Some of these colonies are thought to contain more than 1% of the total world breeding population of the species and are, therefore, considered to be of international importance. The island has already been acknowledged by Birdlife International as an Important Bird Area in the Middle East.

This was not breeding season for any of the Tern species and so were seen only in small numbers , however it was the season for the Tropicbirds and was certainly the focus of my attention during my time on the Island.

The Red-billed Tropicbird occurs in the tropical Atlantic, eastern Pacific and Indian Oceans The Indian Ocean race, P. a. indicus, was at one time considered a full species, the Lesser Red-billed Tropicbird from Pakistan and western India. It breeds on tropical islands laying a single egg directly onto the ground or a cliff ledge. It disperses widely when not breeding, and sometimes wanders far.  They feed on fish and squid, but are poor swimmers. 

Species Fact sheet can be found here Species factsheet
Species List can be found at the end of this Blog.

Red-billed Tropicbird
(Phaethon aethereus)


Red-billed Tropicbird
(Phaethon aethereus)


Red-billed Tropicbird
(Phaethon aethereus)


Red-billed Tropicbird
(Phaethon aethereus)


Red-billed Tropicbird
(Phaethon aethereus)


Red-billed Tropicbird
(Phaethon aethereus)



Western Reef Heron
(Egretta gularis)


Eurasian Siskin
(Carduelis spinus)


Striated Heron
(Butorides striata)



Species List


·         Socotra Cormorant 50
·         Red-billed Tropicbird 50
·         Grey Heron 1
·         Striated Heron 1
·         Western Reef Egret 2
·         Osprey 2
·         Barbary Falcon 1
·         Common Kestrel 1
·         Common Sandpiper 4
·         Ruddy Turnstone 8
·         Sanderling 2
·         Lesser Sandplover 4
·         Arctic Skua 4
·         Sooty Gull 11
·         Steppe Gull 5
·         Great Black-headed Gull 2
·         Lesser Crested Tern 100
·         Feral Pigeon 12
·         Laughing Dove 13
·         Collared Dove 16
·         Eurasian Skylark 15
·         Lesser Short-toed Lark 4
·         Tawny Pipit 2
·         Water Pipit 8
·         White Wagtail 3
·         Asian Desert Warbler 8
·         Chiffchaff 3
·         European Stonechat 5
·         Desert Wheatear 9
·         Isabelline Wheatear 2
·         Red-tailed Wheatear 2
·         Eastern Black Redstart 1
·         House Sparrow 40
·         Siskin 1
·         Corn Bunting 5